WAVE - Balad Field Hospital

Workshops and Tutorials

MMVR 2014 Workshop

In this workshop, we share the history, purpose, design, implementation, and operation of the WAVElet and WAVE. We will describe some of the challenges in generating 3D virtual environments on a massive scale. 3D modeling issues will be described. In particular, the challenges of developing 3D environments, animations, and lighting will be highlighted. Issues related to the integration of physical elements, such as air cannons, sound, smoke and scent generators will be presented. We will also share our experience in using this technology for medical instruction. We will discuss the nature and type of curriculum suited for WAVE training. We will share the feedback received after this training, and factors differentiating such training from conventional training environments. We will also describe our research on the efficacy of using immersive virtual environments for medical training. The implications of our early results will be discussed.

MMVR 2011 Workshop

The military’s use of simulation technology has improved medical training. It has also given rise to an unexpected problem. Commercial products employ multiple hardware platforms to simulate different procedures. There is considerable duplicate functionality. As adoption within the military becomes widespread, needless replication increases acquisition, distribution, and maintenance costs. To address this concern, an initiative is underway to develop a standardized hardware platform. This initiative seeks to develop specifications for hardware, software, and interface requirements. The objective is to allow multiple procedures to use the same set of core computing resources.

MMVR 2009 Workshop

The advent of simulation for medical education has spurred considerable research on fundamental issues in hardware, algorithms, content development, and validation. To the developer interested in building medical training systems, it is unclear how these academic endeavors translate into a working trainer. A gap exists between theoretical development and educationally useful systems. In this workshop, we bridge the separation between theory and practice. Lessons learned in simulator design will be discussed using examples taken from successful development initiatives. Advanced software techniques for virtual environment interaction, and haptic and visual rendering will be discussed. The visual and performance impact of well designed 3D models will be demonstrated. The model development workflow will be highlighted using examples from completed systems and simulators presently under development.

MMVR 2008 Workshop

Over the past decade, simulation has evolved from a technical curiosity into a legitimate tool for medical education. In addition to playing a role in some medical accreditation programs, simulation is also increasingly part of the medical education curriculum. This workshop looked at the next steps in the evolutionary process. Of note are initiatives that standardize the teaching of core competencies within the medical community. Both the American College of Surgeons and the Association of Program Directors in Surgery have initiatives that seek to develop a national curriculum for the teaching of surgical skills. Integral to their initiative is the use of simulation for both assessment and instruction. The military healthcare system is also moving toward developing a framework for structuring the use of medical simulation for training its personnel

MMVR 2007 Workshop

Simulation has become an accepted part of medical training. Students can practice and acquire skills in a structured, uniform, and risk-free learning environment. Formal studies have demonstrated that simulation training aids the development of clinical skills. Recent technical advances have significantly improved the realism and capabilities of modern simulators. The upsurge of interest has led to the commercial development of simulators that support a wide range of different procedures. Current trainers focus on single-person instruction, but complex medical treatment almost invariably requires team effort. Medical simulation has yet to adequately address the unique challenges of team training and mass-casualty management. In this workshop, we examine the issues involved in training healthcare providers where complex, dynamic interactions between team members and groups of patients are the norm. The need for team-oriented simulation is motivated from a clinical perspective. A survey of current state-of-the-art is presented.

MMVR 2006 Workshop

Patient Safety has been succinctly defined as “freedom from accidental injury”. In the Institute of Medicine report, To Err is Human: Building a Safer Health System (Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 1999), the documented human cost of medical errors is immense. The majority of medical errors originate from basic flaws in the current health system. Since then, a considerable amount of effort has been devoted to addressing patient safety concerns. This workshop aims to heighten awareness of patient safety issues within the MMVR community. The fundamental issues related to patient safety are highlighted. Human factors affecting patient safety are discussed, and the clinician’s perspective is highlighted. Initiatives undertaken within the Department of Defenses Patient Safety program are described. The innovative use of simulation technology to improve patient safety will also be highlighted.

MMVR 2005 Workshop

Simulators play an increasing role in medical education. The brisk expansion of this field has widened the gap between the educator’s wants and the developer’s attempts to fulfill them. Engineers, focused on technology development, may not understand the learning process in medicine. Clinicians cannot teach effectively using simulators without a good knowledge of its capabilities. This workshop attempts to bring together the medical and technical communities. It will highlight what is needed to close the gap between them. Recent findings in human factors research will be presented, and their relevance to simulator design will be described. Modern challenges to medical education and the role of medical simulation will be discussed.

MMVR 2004 Tutorial

Medical simulation is a central focus at MMVR, and a considerable amount of advanced material is presented. For newcomers without the necessary background, this material can be difficult to understand. In this workshop, participants acquire a new understanding of medical simulation technologies so they can better understand and appreciate presentations in this important field. Current research areas and open questions will be discussed.

MICCAI 2003 Tutorial

Medical education has traditionally employed an apprenticeship model. Skills are acquired and improved while performing actual procedures. Demands on patient safety and the increased complexity of modern medicine are straining this learning model. Simulators provide a safe, effective environment for acquiring and improving surgical skills, and for rehearsing difficult procedures. Medical simulation is presently an active area of research, and draws on multiple disciplines, including medicine, computer science, and cognitive science.

MMVR 2002 Tutorial

Simulations are an integral part of medical education. Surgical simulators provide a safe, realistic environment for practice or rehearsal. Recent advances in virtual reality and other forms of computer technology have added a new dimension to this field, and have significantly increased the importance of simulation. This tutorial provided foundation material necessary to gain a full appreciation of current research. This tutorial was intended for individuals new to surgical simulation. Topics covered include: an overview of current simulation technology, a medical perspective on simulation, tissue modeling and characterization, performance metrics, deformable models, visual and tactile displays, and collision detection. The challenge of using state-of-the-art simulators for medical education will be described.

MICCAI 2001 Tutorial