Medical education has traditionally employed an apprenticeship model. Skills are acquired and improved while performing actual procedures. Demands on patient safety and the increased complexity of modern medicine are straining this learning model. Simulators provide a safe, effective environment for acquiring and improving surgical skills, and for rehearsing difficult procedures. Medical simulation is presently an active area of research, and draws on multiple disciplines, including medicine, computer science, and cognitive science.

This tutorial provides a broad understanding of current medical simulation research, and its application to medical education. It is intended for individuals new to medical simulation, and those interested in new developments. Topics covered will include: tissue modeling and characterization, deformable models, visual displays, graphics and rendering, collision detection, haptic and tactile feedback, and validation and performance metrics. Our experience and challenges in simulator design and its application to medical simulation will also be presented.



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Last updated on: Wed, February 9, 2011 12:28 PM

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