Related Papers


  A Survey of Surgical Simulation: Applications, Technology, and Education, Liu A., Tendick F., Cleary K., Kaufmann C. To appear in Presence, December 2003, published by the MIT Press.

Abstract: Surgical simulation for medical education is increasingly perceived as a valuable addition to traditional teaching methods. Simulators provide a structured learning experience, permitting practice without danger to patients. Simulators facilitate the teaching of rare or unusual cases. Simulators can also be used to provide an objective assessment of skills. This paper is a survey of current surgical simulator systems. The components of a simulator are described, current research directions are discussed, and key research questions are identified.

Note: This paper was published out of work done for the MICCAI 2001 Tutorial on Surgical Simulation.



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