MMVR 2005 Session B:

Emerging Trends in Medical Simulation:
Identifying the Needs of the Medical Community and Methods to Address Them

Alan Liu, M. Dale Alverson, Mark Scerbo, Mark Bowyer



  Alan Liu, Ph.D.

- Project Scientist, Surgical Simulation Laboratory

Dr. Liu is project scientist at the Surgical Simulation Laboratory, National Capital Area Medical Simulation Center (SimCen). He is involved in defining research directions and technical infrastructure for the SimCen. Dr. Liu plays an active role in developing virtual reality based surgical simulators to support the education and training objectives of the SimCen. He is the principal developer of the center's pericardiocentesis and diagnostic peritoneal lavage simulators. They are the world’s first computer-based trainers for these procedures. These simulators were used in the nation’s first Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS) course conducted without animals or cadavers. Dr. Liu has conducted several tutorials and workshops on medical simulation, including tutorials at MICCAI 2001, MMVR 2002, MICCAI 2003, HICSS 2003, and MMVR 2004. He was an invited speaker at the 2002 United States Medicine Institute for Health Studies forum on Computers, Robots, and Cyberspace in Washington D.C. Dr. Liu’s current research focus includes the development of a 1000 sq. ft. total immersion virtual environment for mass casualty training, with applications in military medical readiness, and homeland defense.


  Dale Alverson, MD

- Medical Director
Center for Telehealth and Cybermedicine Research
Health Sciences Center, University of New Mexico

Dr. Alverson is a Pediatrician, Professor and Regents’ Professor on faculty at the University of New Mexico, School of Medicine, specializing in the field of Neonatology. He serves as the Medical Director of the Telemedicine Program, Center for Telehealth and Cybermedicine Research at the University of New Mexico. In that role, he has been involved in the planning, implementation, research and evaluation of a Telemedicine system for New Mexico, primarily serving its rural communities, building upon collaborative alliances. Currently he is also working on development of international cooperative telehealth initiatives. He has been a principal investigator on several Telehealth related grants; including projects in rural Telemedicine, NASA, and the Office for the Advancement of Telehealth under HRSA. Recently his research has involved collaborative efforts with the Pacific Telehealth and Technology Hui and the Uniformed Services University National Capital Area Simulation Center that includes continued development, validation, verification, deployment and evaluation of immersive interactive virtual reality simulations that allow synchronous collaboration over next generation Internet2 for training and education, independent of distance.


  Mark Scerbo, Ph.D.

- Graduate Program Director,
Human Factors Psychology doctoral program
Old Dominion University

Mark W. Scerbo is a Professor of Psychology and the Graduate Program Director of the Human Factors Psychology doctoral program at Old Dominion University. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Cincinnati in 1987 and has over 20 years experience researching and designing systems and displays that improve user performance in academic, military, and industrial work environments. From the design perspective, Dr. Scerbo has expertise in creating and testing visual and auditory displays, dynamic displays, flexible and adaptive displays, virtual representations of abstract and concrete information, as well as low and high fidelity simulation. From the human perspective, Dr. Scerbo studies human factors issues related to modeling and simulation technology and immersive environments as well as the behavioral and physiological factors that affect human interaction with automated systems and adaptive interfaces. He is currently studying several issues related to the efficacy of medical simulation technology. Dr. Scerbo teaches undergraduate and graduate-level courses in human perception, cognition and information processing, experimental methodology, human factors psychology, human factors methods and techniques, and human-computer interaction.


  Mark W. Bowyer, MD, FACS, COL, MC, USAF

- Associate Professor of Surgery

Dr. Bowyer is the Surgical Director of the National Capital Area Medical Simulation Center. He is also an Associate Professor of Surgery, and the Chief, Division of Trauma and Combat Surgery at the Uniformed Services University. He is board certified in both General Surgery and Surgical Critical Care and actively practices trauma surgery at the Washington Hospital Center. Dr. Bowyer is the current Chair (Air Force), American College of Surgeons Military Region Committee on Trauma. He has been on the forefront of adopting the use of surgical simulators as a replacement for animals in the teaching of the Advanced Trauma Life Support course. Dr. Bowyer has been involved in the teaching of medical students and residents since 1990. He is integrally involved in developing simulation based curriculum for medical students starting their surgical rotation. Dr. Bowyer has an ongoing interest and involvement in developing and validating robust trauma, laparoscopic, triage, and critical care based simulators.






Last updated on: Wed, February 9, 2011 12:43 PM Questions or comments? Please contact us.